Basic description of the disease
A Goiter is an abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland. The thyroid is a small gland inside the neck, just below Adam's apple. The thyroid gland produces hormones which control the body's metabolism. Enlarged goiter indicates that the thyroid gland is not functioning normally.
The main cause of goiter includes an imbalance in the thyroid gland. Over production of hormones by the thyroid gland is referred to as 'hyperthyroidism' and less production is the 'hypothyroidism'. The enlarged thyroid gland due to goiter puts pressure on other parts of the neck such as the trachea and esophagus.
The main symptom of Goiter includes a swelling, ranging in size from a small nodule to a massive lump in the front of the neck. There is a feeling of tightness in the throat area. Other symptoms - difficulty in breathing and swallowing, coughing, wheezing, hoarseness, neck vein distention, an increased resting pulse rate, rapid heartbeat, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, sweating and agitation.
According to Ayurveda, Goitre is known as Galganda. Galganda is caused due to Kapha and Vata dosha. The vitiated Kapha dosha leads to the formation of immobile, heavy swelling in front of the throat known as Galganda combines with the meda dhatu of the body and.
There is 3 types of Galganda according to Ayurveda:
Vataj Galganda- This type of galganda is caused due to the aggravated Vata dosha. The swelling is blackish in colour and slightly painful. Physicaly is dryness and tastelessness in the mouth
Kaphaja Galganda- This type of galganda is caused due to the aggravation of the Kapha dosha. The swelling is large in size, cold to touch. Patient feels less pain and experiences sweetness in the mouth.
Medoj Galganda- This is caused due to disturbed meda dhatu. The swelling area is white in colour and has offensive odour. Patient experiences oilyness in the mouth.
Ayurvedic treatment especially 'Panchakarma' is useful treating the thyroid problem and Goiter. Ayurvedic therapies like Parisheka- good to reduce swelling over the body, Sarvanga Abhyanga massage, Patra Pinda Sweda, Basti - both Niruha and Matra. Ksheer basti, Eranda Mooladi Basti are generally done. Some of the natural herbs like 'Kanchanar' have been used in Ayurveda to treat thyroid related problems. Also herbal remedies like Kanchanar Guggulu, Aarogya Vardhini Vati, Trikatu Churna, Trikatu Tablet.
Devastating thoughts and emotions
Thyroid problems indicate self-expression. Alteration, lump in the neck. A person cannot, express himself as a personality. From emotional factor - evil thought, bad words, greed, jealousy, lies cause thyroid disease.
use iodised salt
Avoid coffee, alcoholic drinks and soda.
Onions, oats, egg yolks and citrus fruits help in reducing the swelling of the neck.
Do regular excercises of the neck and yoga.
Have easily digestible foods.
Consume iron rich food
2 tbsp flaxseeds + add water. Mix well and prepare its paste. Apply this on the throat and then wash off after 20 minutes