The medical name for a nosebleed is "epistaxis". One or both nostrils may bleed when you have a nosebleed, which is the loss of blood from the tissue lining your nose. Typically, only one nostril is impacted. There are numerous microscopic blood vessels in your nose. The air you breathe is warmed and moistened by these blood vessels . But they are located very near your nose's inner surface. Your blood vessels may become dry and irritated when air flows through your nose. This makes them particularly vulnerable to damage or breaking, which could result in a nosebleed.
The majority of nosebleeds are annoying but not dangerous.
The frequency of epistaxis?
Epistaxis is very common. 60% of people will experience at least one nosebleed in their life. Just 10% of these instances are serious enough to need medical attention.
What causes epistaxis?
Epistaxis can happen to anyone. The majority of people will encounter at least one case over their lifetime. But some people are more prone to bleeding from the nose. They consist of:
Kids between two and ten years: Children are more prone to nosebleeds due to dry air, colds, allergies, and inserting fingers and items into their noses.
Adults in the range between 45 and 80 years old: In middle age and in older persons, blood clotting may take longer. These folks are also more prone to develop a bleeding condition, high blood pressure, or atherosclerosis (hardening of the artery walls).
Pregnant women: Pregnancy causes the blood vessels in your nose to swell, which increases pressure on the sensitive blood vessels that line the inside of your nose.
People who use aspirin and warfarin, two common blood thinners.
People who suffer from blood clotting abnormalities, such as von Willebrand disease and haemophilia .
What signs indicate a nosebleed?
Most of the time, the only symptom you'll have is blood pouring out of your nose. Some blood may go down the back of your throat and into your stomach if you have a posterior nosebleed. You can feel nauseated and get a nasty taste in your mouth as a result.
Additional symptoms could indicate a medical condition if you experience them.
Ayurvedic approach to Epistaxis management:
Epistaxis is compared to the Urdhavaga Rakta pitta in Ayurveda. Bloody noses are brought on by the vata and pitta doshas mixing with the blood tissue, or rakta dhatu, when their levels in the body rise.
Avoid hot, salty, pungent and sour foods as they increase the heat factor in the blood.
In cases of epistaxis, pomegranate and cranberry juice are especially helpful.
Milk, grapes, and coconut water are all beneficial for nosebleeds.
The following single herbs are helpful in this condition:
Ayurvedic internal medicines like Gulkand,
Chyawanprash, Vasavaleha,Anu tailam,Durva swarasa etc will help.
EPISTAXIS HOME REMEDIES:
Use a cold compress or a cold beverage.
Put your thumb and index finger together and pinch your nose. Hold the position for two to three minutes while taking regular breaths.
Put a few drops of warm ghee in each nostril, or place cotton swabs dipped in ghee in the nostrils.
The patient should be instructed to sit upright and with his or her head inclined upward. To reverse the blood flow, this is done.
Epistaxis is usually a symptom of an underlying pathology that needs urgent analysis and attention. If you frequently suffer from epistaxis it is important to evaluate as soon as possible.
Do consult our experts here.